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What is a Hysteroscopy?

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A hysteroscopy is a procedure performed by a gynecologist. The physician looks inside of the uterus to better visualize the endometrium, cervix and other parts of the female reproductive system. The procedure is done with a hysteroscope, which is a long, thin tube. The tube has a light-emitting diode on its end, and this light allows the doctor to see. It may be performed for diagnostic or treatment reasons.

How a Hysteroscopy Is Performed

A hysteroscopy is an in-office procedure. The patient is asked to put her feet into stirrups on an exam table. In a diagnostic hysteroscopy, no anesthesia is necessary. Hysteroscopes and other gynecological equipment are thin enough to pass through the vagina and cervix without requiring any dilation.

Forceps or a small clamp may be used to open the walls of the vagina and the cervix by about 0.5 to 1 centimeter. During an operative hysteroscopy, anesthesia is typically used. Small gynecological instruments are passed through the tube to correct the problem.

Why a Gynecologist Performs a Diagnostic Hysteroscopy

A gynecologist performs a diagnostic hysteroscopy to determine the cause of uterine problems such as long menstrual periods, heavy bleeding and abnormal bleeding patterns. A diagnostic hysteroscopy is also used to find the cause of bleeding between periods or vaginal bleeding after menopause. If a woman is having difficulty conceiving or carrying a baby, a hysteroscopy may be used to find out if the woman has an abnormally-shaped uterus, such as one with a bipartite septum.

Why a Gynecologist Performs an Operative Hysteroscopy

Gynecologists perform an operative hysteroscopy in order to correct a problem in the uterus. The operative procedure may be used for the removal of cervical polyps or uterine fibroids. These are typically non-cancerous growths. Operative hysteroscopy is also used for locating and removing adhesions. These bands of scar tissue often develop after a C-section. The scar tissue may be a cause of infertility or irregular bleeding. Additionally, hysteroscopy may be used for endometrial ablation, which is the destruction of the uterine endometrium.

Medical Device Store has a full selection of gynecological equipment for use in hysteroscopy procedures.