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The Most Common Surgery Procedures

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When people hear they will need to receive a surgical procedure, the news can be met with trepidation. The good news is that surgery is available and has saved the lives of countless people. Surgical techniques are regularly upgraded to lessen pain, the risk of complications and recovery times. On the other hand, surgery is an invasive procedure and comes with risks even as it provides necessary treatment. Here are some of the most frequently performed surgeries.

Appendectomy

This surgery removes a diseased appendix, a structure at the bottom of the first part of the colon. An appendectomy can be an open surgery, where the surgeon makes a large incision and snips the appendix out, or a laparoscopic surgery. In this type of surgery, the surgeon makes smaller incisions in the abdomen.

Surgical instruments include a laparoscope, a light with a tiny camera connected to a monitor, and miniaturized surgical tools. After the surgery, the doctor may place a drain in the abdomen to take away excess fluid. It’s usually removed after two to three days, and the patient takes about six weeks to heal completely.

Breast Biopsy

In a breast biopsy by excision, abnormal tissue is removed from the breast for further examination. The patient is given local or general anesthesia. The surgeon may use instruments like a wire with a hooked tip to find the abnormality in the breast before making an incision to remove it. The tissue is sent to the lab for analysis, the blood vessels in the breast are tied off or cauterized to stop bleeding and the incision is closed with sutures. It takes a patient about two weeks to fully recover from a surgical breast biopsy.

Another type of breast biopsy procedure makes use of needle aspiration. The doctor gives the patient a local anesthetic before inserting a needle into the area of concern. If the mass is a fluid-filled cyst, the needle will probably cause it to collapse. If the mass is solid, the needle is inserted into different areas of the mass. The collected material is sent to a lab for testing.

Cataract Surgery

A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. Surgery to remove the lens used to be a difficult process, but cataracts can now be removed with precision with surgical instruments like a femtosecond laser or an ultrasound probe. The ultrasound probe fractures the lens while the laser softens the cataract. This makes the surgery easier to perform and available on an outpatient basis. Often, the surgeon replaces the diseased natural lens with an intraocular lens.

Surgery is fated to be with humanity for quite a while, but advances in technology are continually making it safer, more advanced and more comfortable.