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Most Common Knee Injuries and How to Treat Them

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What are the different types of knee injuries? How do you know when it is severe, and what to do about it? In this article, we will discuss the most common knee injuries.

The knee is a complex joint with many components. It moves like a door hinge, which allows us to straighten or bend the legs to squat, jump, sit, and run. Due to its complexity, it is very prone to injuries, with over 200,000 knee injuries reported yearly. In 2010 alone, over 10 million emergency room visits resulted from knee pain and injury.

10 Common Knee Injuries

A direct blow, twisting, or bending with applied force from falls, sports, and accidents lead to most knee injuries. Here are ten common knee injuries:

1. Fractures

Fractures usually occur in the kneecap or patella. It results from falls, car accidents, or other high impact trauma. People with osteoporosis may also have fractures from tripping or stepping in the wrong way.

2. Tendonitis

Tendonitis refers to inflammation of the knee. Also known as jumper’s knees, it occurs commonly among people who engage in physical activities, especially jumping or running sports.

3. Tendon Tears

Overstretch or tears in the tendons (soft tissues connected to the muscles of the bones) usually occurs in people who engage in physical activities.

4. Collateral Ligament Injuries

Collateral ligaments connect the shinbone to the thigh bone. Injuries in these ligaments also occur from contact sports or a direct impact with another object.

5. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

The Anterior cruciate ligament runs diagonally at the front of the leg. Injuries to this area are usually severe and graded from a scale of one to three. ACL injuries are typically due to contact sports or improper landing from a jump.

6. Dislocation

Knee dislocations occur when one or more bones move out of place. It can occur from falls, contact sports, or car accidents.

7. Meniscal Tears

Meniscal tears are tears within the menisci, which are two rubbery wedges of cartilage between the shinbone and thighbone. These tears may occur from aging or sporting activities.

8. Bursitis

Bursitis occurs when the bursae (small fluid-filled sacs around the knee joins) swell and become inflamed. It usually occurs because of overuse or repeated pressure from kneeling. Often, aspiration or antibiotic treatment can be used to treat the condition.

9. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

The posterior cruciate ligament is found at the back of the knee. Injuries in this location occur because of powerful force when the knee is in a bent position. It happens in accidents or when someone falls hard onto a bent knee.

10. Iliotibial Band Syndrome

This condition is common in long-distance runners and occurs when the Iliotibial band, located outside the knee rubs against the outside of the knee joint.

Risks factors for all kinds of injuries include improper training, overuse, having osteoporosis, and playing high impact sports. Treatments for knee injuries depend on the cause and specifics of the damage. In most cases, rest, ice, and medication for managing the pain and inflammation are required. If orthopedic surgical instruments are needed, the individual may not be able to use the knee for a period while recovering. Some people might need physical therapy to help regain strength and movement in the knee. Medical Device Store carries a wide selection of orthopedic surgical instruments including changing rods, knives, dilators, and arthroscope biters.

References

https://www.medicinenet.com/knee_injury_and_meniscus_tears/article.htm