Glossary of General Surgery Instruments
Even if you're not a medical professional or a purveyor of hospital dramas, you've likely become familiar with some surgery terminology. The names of general surgery instruments like scalpels, defibrillators, and retractors are common terms. However, do you really know what these items are and what they do?
Grasping and Holding Instruments
These are typically medium- to fine-tipped instruments that are used to grab onto and move blood vessels or organs. Grasping instruments can even hold onto needles during suturing.
Retracting and Exposing Instruments
Retracting instruments are used for actions like holding open ribs or keeping organs out of the way during surgery. Some specific examples include the following:
Rib spreaders: These are large, hinged instruments with a pronged edge for opening and holding in place rib sections during lung or heart surgery.
Skin spreaders: As a smaller version of the rib spreader, these are used to hold incisions or organs open during surgery.
Clamping and Occluding Instruments
These instruments are used for everything from holding draping towels in place during surgery to stopping blood flow from delicate veins. Some examples include the following:
Hemostats: As small, thin, scissor-like instruments, hemostats can have either straight or curved tips with serrations along the inside. They are used to clamp blood vessels, veins, and smaller sections of skin or other bodily tissue.
Forceps: These are scissors-like hinged instruments with side tongs or flat tips at the end. While formerly used to pull fetuses out of the birth canal during difficult deliveries, they are now mainly used to move or hold tissue during surgery. They come in three types - hemostat, intestinal, and dressing/tissue.
Cutting and Dissecting Tools
Cutting tools are used to pierce or cut through skin, suture materials, and bodily tissue. They either have pointed tips or razor-sharp edges to ensure precision. The handles and edges are also shaped to perform specific functions such as performing surface cuts or making deep incisions. The most common types are:
Scalpels: The most common instrument for making incisions, these are fine-edged and manufactured in a range of sizes. They can be made of stainless steel or disposable materials.
Scissors: Scissors can range from small pairs for snipping bandage materials to larger instruments for cutting through sinew and small bones. The blades could be curved or straight, depending on their usage.
Surgical saws: These tools, which could be larger electric or manual devices, are used to cut through thicker pieces of bone, including skulls and ribs.
The Medical Device Store has a range of high-quality general surgery instruments and surgical suite accessories available. You can browse through a variety of products and have access to free shipping and great customer service 24/7.